This was the period of Jim Crow, of state-sponsored discrimination and aggression. It was the time of lynchings, of the Ku Klux Klan. It was the time when segregation in hospitals, on transport, in schools was completely normal. And yet, 1964, the Civil Rights Act was passed. In 1965, the Voting Rights Act was passed. And although discrimination continues today, the battle for equality goes on, particularly in America.
There is no doubt that those two bits of legislation, which made it illegal for people to be treated differently because of the color of their skin, they were iconic victories, defining moments, and an incredibly important battle. How did they do it? How did they win? Four things stand out for me.