And so we can use association of ideas, combination of ideas, extraction of principles, and application of those principles to areas where they were never applied before. We need to be open-minded. We need to be fluent. Look for alternatives, and not for the correct answer. Because when you think creatively, there’s no single correct answer. There are many possible alternatives.
Suppose now that we are lucky. We land upon a new idea in our travel, in the exploration out of the box. What is the value of that? How do we assess the value of a new idea? It’s very difficult if it’s really new, because you’ve never seen that before. Nobody else has seen that before. It’s as if we landed on a new planet, totally undiscovered territory. And it’s difficult to understand the value of something new.
First of all, because we don’t feel entitled to be inventors. Who am I to be the generator of that new idea? And probably this has been thought about before. If this is correct, somebody else would have done it before me. These are all natural mechanisms with which we kill our own ideas. We have to resist that. We have to look for the match between the new idea and our initial drive, our initial focus, or evaluate the idea per se, for its own value and maybe see that that’s something that solves another problem, which was not yours.
Serendipity happens all the time. We just need to have the eyes to see that, to notice the difference. OK, but we are social animals. We live in an environment, so to think out of the box, bring in new ideas, is going to challenge that environment. When is it a good idea to challenge everybody around you in your working environment? You have a boss. You don’t really want to upset him or her.
When is it a good idea to think out of the box? Well, first of all, if the environment punishes mistakes, you will never be really tempted to go out of the box. You will remain safely in a known environment. So if you want to stimulate an environment which is creative, you need to allow the existence of divergent information. You need to allow irrelevant information to come in. You have to mix and match different disciplines. You have to use metaphors in the organization. Only in that case, you will allow the environment to be really prone to the generation of new ideas.
So I want to end my talk with a little experiment. We wanted to do this interactively with you, but the time is scarce. So I have indeed prepared a little thing, but if you believe me, and to be honest, this has been generated in the space of few minutes. The generation of ideas, this travel outside of the box, is something which happens very fast.
So where should we experiment? OK. Let’s say that we want to generate new ideas about TEDx Conferences. We are here, so that’s a focused area which is very clear to all of us. Now let’s start from the convergent information about TEDx Conferences. What is needed to make an excellent, good TEDx conference? Well, you need the brilliant speakers that will come up. You need an excellent theme. You need fast speaker to speaker transitions. You need grand settings. The list can go on, and all I’m saying is things that you already know. This is all convergent information, safe. I’m not generating anything new. I’m inside the box.
Now I want to go out, so I apply a divergent modifier to any of these convergent elements. Start from the last one for example, the grand setting. So a divergent modifier, for example, is to exaggerate. Bring it to the limit. So instead of thinking of a TEDx conference in a theater, think of a TEDx Conference in a stadium. Does this make any sense, in a stadium? Very difficult to organize, even more difficult than in a theater, and how do you fill the place? How do you fill the stadium? It’s too difficult. It doesn’t make any sense. I’m tempted to reject that idea.
But then I move, and I say, OK, maybe the stadium is already filled with people. So from that, you can get the idea of having a TEDx Conference at half-time of football matches, a network of speeches which happens at half-time of football matches. Good idea, bad idea? I leave it for you to assess.
Take another element: good speakers, brilliant speakers. That’s the most fundamental element of a TEDx Conference. Let’s take that away. We eliminate the good, brilliant speakers. Does this make any sense? No, we’re out of the box. Does this lead to anything useful? Well, I could say that, OK, I don’t need the speakers, but I need the speeches, the talks, the scripts. From this comes the idea of one speaker delivering the speech of somebody else. We exchange speakers. So it’s a cooperative TEDx Conference.
Maybe we have duets on stage, instead of a single element, or we have people that speak about, somebody has this topic. And in that way we have one advantage at least. We take away the element of the ego. There’s no ego anymore, if you’re speaking with somebody else’s script. So these are just examples, just examples, to show you that it’s possible and not too hard, actually, to think out of the box. I hope this journey, in a way, was interesting for you, and now you want to do more of that.