Introducing Speaker: Ladies and gentlemen, please welcome back Vic Gundotra.
Vic Gundotra: Wow! Good morning, everybody. This place is packed. I’m surprised so many of you made it back after that great party last night.
You know, let me begin by just thanking you guys for your support. Yesterday was an epic day for Google I/O. It was quite an amazing day. And just thank you for being part of that. I hope you enjoyed it as much as we did.
And I hope you’re enjoying your Android development kits. Yes?
All right. You know, that party last night, thank you for many of you who downloaded the new version of Google+ for Android and then accepted my invitation. We had over 2600 of you do that. And of those 2600 people, over 1,000 people turned on Party Mode and contributed over 13,700 photographs from last night’s concert.
When was the last time you went to an event and the next day had that many photos automatically organized and chronological. I have to apologize. This is not Glass that’s distracting me. Ever since yesterday, I’ve developed just this nervous TIC. I am just always wondering, where is Sergey? I’m not sure if he’s in the building, if he’s above the building.
As you probably know, he’s going to do some fun stuff again today. I hope you’ve been following his Google+ posts. But I think you’re likely to see some pretty exciting stuff.
With that, let’s get started with Day 2 keynote.
I think you’re going to be really excited about what you’re going to see here. That’s going to be handled by our senior vice president of Chrome and apps, and my friend, Sundar Pichai. Sundar?
Sundar Pichai: Thank you. Welcome to Day 2 of Google I/O keynote. It’s very exciting to be here. None of what I have planned involved jumping from an airplane, doing anything on top of Moscone or riding onto the stage. But we nevertheless have lots of exciting stuff ahead. In fact, we’ve had a few exciting months. But a few months ago, we launched Chrome for Android, which, hopefully, all of you can use on your brand-new Nexus 7.
About 10 weeks ago, we launched Google Drive. And just about three weeks ago, we launched a whole new next-generation line of Samsung Chromebooks. And we are just getting started. What we thought we’d do today was to take a step back, talk to you about the journey we are on and where we are going next. I’m primarily going to be talking about Chrome and our cloud applications, our journey to help you all live online in the cloud seamlessly.
We’ll also talk about the Web platform, what we are doing so that developers like you can write great Web applications. So let’s get started. The chart behind me shows the growth of the World Wide Web, shows the growth of traffic, the Internet traffic. And as you can see is the top line is the total traffic. It’s exploded.
In fact, since the advent of broadband, it’s grown a lot and reached today over 2.3 billion users, a staggering number. But the good news is, this is only one-third of the world’s population. And the way we are going to get to the rest of the world is through mobile. That’s what the second line shows.
With the advent of smartphones and better connectivity, increasingly, people are accessing the Web for the first time ever on their phones. And with the help of mobile, we are going to reach the entire world’s population. In fact, it’s expected in about four years there are going to be around 20 billion network connections, about 2.5 network connections for every user in the world. We are in the middle of a revolution. At Google, we saw this trend coming, which is why we built Chrome. About three and a half years ago, we launched Chrome as a browser to help showcase the modern Web. And we are very excited and humbled to see that option.
Thanks to a lot of users and developers like you, about two years ago at Google I/O, we announced that we have 70 million weekly active users. A year ago, we announced we had doubled to 160 million active users. And as of today, we have almost doubled again, to 310 million active users.
What matters, though, is that how people use Chrome. They live on it every day. Every single day, there are over 60 billion words typed in Chrome. That is the equivalent of 100,000 textbooks, or one terrabyte of data, documents, text, images, videos are downloaded every single day.
And, finally, something which is near and dear to my heart, Chrome is all about speed. Just one feature in Chrome, the fact that when you’re typing in the Omnibox, we try to guess where you go, prefetch and prerender the page. That feature alone saves 13 years of human lifetime every single day in Chrome.
And we have hundreds of such features in the product. We are very humbled by this momentum. There’s a lot of conversation about share, et cetera. By our internal metrics and everything we see out there, Chrome is the most popular browser in the world globally.
The landscape has changed pretty significantly since we launched Chrome. At the time we launched Chrome, most of you were using the browser on a single computer. It was primarily the desktop Web. Fast forward to today. Almost all of you have smartphones. You have a computer at home, at work, you share your devices with family and friends, and increasingly, you’re buying tablets. So Chrome was built for a better Web. But for today’s Web, we want to make sure Chrome acts as a layer so that your Web is personalized, works consistent and seamlessly across all your devices.
To show you how we are doing that, let me invite Brian Rakowski, our vice president f product management, but more formally known as the inventor of Incognito mode. Brian?
Brian Rakowski: Thanks, Sundar. If you guys are anything like me, you probably use Chrome across a lot of different computers. In fact, you probably just use a lot of different computers, computers, devices, phones, tablets, all sorts of different things. I counted. I use about eight different computers on a regular basis. And I’m sure a lot of you use many more than that. So to show you how Chrome makes that experience painless moving across all these different devices to get stuff done, living life in the cloud, I’m going to show you what I do on just a typical day with Chrome.
Here I am at home on my MacBook. Over breakfast, I’m reading news, catching up on current events. You see I have a whole bunch of tabs open here. Some of them I’ve read. Some of them I haven’t read yet. You can see I’ve got my books marks here, Chrome has been customized over the last several years of using Chrome to have all my settings, everything that makes Chrome work well for me.
But I’m running out of time. I’ve got to get out to work. I run out the door, leave my Macbook, and head to work. Now I’m at work. Not too bad of a commute today. Here I am on my Chromebook, and it turns out I use a different computer at work than I do at home. In fact, I use a lot of different computers at work. As a member of the Chrome team, we’re always testing new hardware. We’re always trying out new devices, reinstalling Chrome, Chrome OS on different things. So I end up using lots of different computers every day to get stuff done. It turns out on this computer, I’ve never actually signed up. I don’t have an account on this computer.
So because I’ve never used it before, I’ll just sign in with my user name and password. If I got that right, all my settings will start coming down from the cloud. These are all my settings on the Macbook. And in addition, I’ve customized Chrome to start up with some work tabs when I’m at work. So when I hit “okay,” you should see my work tabs just appear on the screen. There they are.
So you can see, I’ve got my bookmarks here, all my settings are down here, also these tabs, I can get some work done, see the tree is open. That’s good. PRD I’ve been working on for incognito. I can file some bugs. All this work is kind of making me hungry. It’s time for lunch. Let’s think about what to have. I feel like something salty, maybe a little bit more of a hearty meal, some pork maybe.
I heard about this place, but I can’t remember the name. Something to do with — with pig. Let me try to query. Let’s see what happens. Salty pig parts. Boccalone. Okay. That sounds like it might be the place. Let me click. Yes. That’s what I’m looking for.
Okay. And it looks like there’s a location in the Ferry Building. So let me click that. Okay. Not too far. I can just walk there. So leave work, head out the door, and as I walk to the Ferry Building, I realize that I was so distracted by those pictures of delicious, delicious pork products that I forgot exactly where the location of the place was. In fact, I wasn’t paying attention to it at all.
But it’s not a problem, because I’ve got Chrome installed on my phone, and I’m signed in here, too. So I’ll just — let me zoom in a little bit. I’ll just launch Chrome, open a new tab, and you can see all my recent devices. You can see the Chromebook I had open at work. And that tab is still open there. I can pull it over here. So I’ll click the Ferry Building. And that page should load right here so I can see exactly where I need to go.
Now, turns out we didn’t just sync that URL. We also made sure that the back button works across pages. So after I’ve gotten in line, I can start to look at the menu by tapping back. And I can even go back to search results.
So back works across devices as well. So now that I’m happily eating my lunch, turns out I’m a little bit of a nerd. I carry a second device around with me. When I want a bigger screen, I’ve got my brand-new Nexus 7. And, of course, Chrome is installed there, too. I’ve already signed in and started to set it up. Just — and since I’m having this delicious sandwich, let’s say I want to visit a site, it’s a blog I haven’t been to in a while. I think it’s called hamburger — it showcases the best hamburgers every single day that they can find. So I’ll just start typing — and because Chrome is synced, even though I’ve never typed this URL on this device before, I typed it on one of my other computers, it’s synced here, saves me a lot of typing. And even better, as Sundar mentioned, we’re pretty obsessed with speed. We’ve started to load this page in the background because we know you’re very likely to go there.
As soon as I tap this, it should be there waiting. Ready, one, two, three. And the page is already loaded.
So I can load a page there, enjoy my lunch. Everything will be delicious. So I’ve shown you Chrome syncing across a couple different laptops, including a Chromebook, a phone, a tablet, all my settings, including my open tabs, my bookmarks, all the things that make Chrome work for me, synchronizing silently in the background, making it painless to live across all these different devices. But there’s one more thing I wanted to talk to you about. Some of you have been very persistently asking for one thing in particular. And before we agreed to do it, we wanted to make sure that we did an excellent job of it.
I’m very happy to say that the team has really pulled something great out. So you’re probably wondering what it is I’m talking about. People have been asking — you’ve been asking — to use Chrome on your iPhone.
So I’m happy to announce that later today, Chrome will be rolling out in the Appstore. But I’ll give you a sneak preview now. Here’s Chrome on my home screen. Launch it, and it should look very familiar to any of you who have used Chrome on another device before. If you use Chrome on Android or a Chromebook, you’ll see it’s got an Omnibox up top. It behaves just like you’d expect it to. You can open tabs, as many tabs as you like. You can flick through them easily, quickly. It’s a silky smooth experience, really fun. You can select the one you’re looking for. You can even close tabs with a quick swipe.
And you can even swap tabs without having to go to the switcher just by dragging from the side. Makes browsing the Web on your iPhone really fun. But while we were at it, we figured, why stop there? We might as well go for the iPad, too. So — And you can even swap tabs without having to go to the switcher, just by dragging from the side. Makes browsing the Web on your iPhone really fun. But while we were at it, we figured why stop there. We might as well go for the iPad, too.
So I’ll give you a sneak preview of that as well. Here is Chrome on the home screen of my iPad. Launch it. You can see we’ve put the tabs up top here just like we did on the Nexus 7. We’ve got a little more space to work with that makes multi-tasking easier. I’ve got a bunch of tabs open here and you can see they’ve started to pile up because I’ve got a few too many open. That’s not unusual. But I can just push them out of the way to get to the one I’m looking for. It’s a really nice overflow solution when you have a lot of tabs open. And just like all the other devices, it’s synced. Everything is here. So you can see I have my bookmarks from my desktop, find anything I’m looking for, and all my other devices are here. So you can see everything I’ve done today. You can see I’ve got all those restaurant pages open on my iPhone, you can see my Nexus 7 where I was looking at food over my lunch, you can see the salty pig parts query which I backed up from on the Boccalone site, the work that I did today — looks like I didn’t do much at all. And you can see the pages I had open on my MacBook Pro this morning over breakfast. In case I want pick up where I left off on one of those pages, I’ll just tap it and finish reading the news and it will load here. Everything just works across devices.
But in this case — oh, it looks like I need to log in. Well, it’s not a problem. My credentials are linked across machines. Even though I’ve never used the “New York Times” on this device before, never logged in, I can just tap “log in,” and because I’m signed in, my credentials are synced, auto fill, you can log in directly.
Now, one more feature before I quit, Incognito, a feature near and dear to my heart, the team did a great job with Incognito here. You can see it works just how you would expect it to from other computers. You can toggle between regular and Incognito windows just by tapping there. And having Incognito on a touch device is a great experience. Thank you.
Sundar, back to you.
Sundar Pichai: Thank you, Brian. It’s an exciting demo to see Chrome on Android phones, Android tablets and now on the iPhone and the iPad. So no matter which device you’re using, we’re working really hard across all important software platforms. No other browser vendor is doing this. We want to make sure it’s about the user, your Web, working everywhere, personalized, consistent, always, any time, anywhere.
Of course, when you’re living online and living in the cloud, you’re using cloud applications. And at Google we realized this, and in 2004 there was a profound shift on the Web. The Web shifted from documents to be about rich, interactive Web applications. And in 2004 we launched one of the seminal AJAX applications of that era, Gmail. And since then Gmail has grown to reach 425 million active users, monthly unique users, and it’s become a primary communications platform for all these users. We haven’t stopped there. We’ve been very hard at work and we’ve continually added more applications. Google Calendar, Google Documents, Google Spreadsheets, Google Presentations, and about ten weeks ago we launched Google Drive, a centralized place for you to create and collaborate online and have all your important data with you so that you can live in the cloud. We call this Going Google, and hundreds of millions of users have gone Google. But it’s not just at home. There is a very powerful trend underway. We call this consumerization of businesses. It’s the same person who leaves home and shows up at work, and they demand the same experience.
Smartphones are a good example. People have demanded the same smartphones at work like they’ve used at home. The same is true for their applications as well. This trend has been so powerful, we are seeing many, many businesses are Going Google. In fact, governmental agencies in 45 out of 50 states in the U.S., including places like Department of Interior, have gone Google. 66 of top 100 universities in the United States have gone Google. And over five million businesses, the rate at which we are signing up businesses is growing steadily, have gone Google. This is a pretty fundamental shift. If you look at most businesses, they are based on the PC architecture. And the PC, which was a huge revolution, was primarily focused on automating your individual work space.
Fast forward to today. Most companies are in – care about collaboration deeply, and you’re just not going to get there by using SharePoint or TPS reports. What you need is a radical different architecture to get there, which is why many, many large companies are Going Google. You can see many big names up there.
Let me give you one example. Roche, which has 90,000 employees over 140 countries. They acquired Genentech, which is a Google Apps customer, and Roche has decided to deploy Google across their entire employee base. So it’s a very, very powerful trend. We call this trend Going Google and we put together a few short videos to show you what it is like to go Google. Let’s take a look.
As I said earlier, this is a fundamental and radically different way to collaborate. Just try doing that with SharePoint.
But ten weeks ago we launched Google Drive, one more step in this journey. In just over ten weeks over 10 million users have signed into Google Drive, they’re creating and collaborating both with Google applications and third-party applications, and storing all their important data. And this is another step in our journey to help users go Google.
To talk about our journey with Drive, I’d like to invite Clay Bavor, director of product management for Google Apps.
Clay Bavor: Thank you, Sundar. As Sundar said, Google Drive is all about making it really easy to live life in the cloud. And that starts by making all of your files available on all of your devices anywhere. And to do that we’ve built a really nice Web interface, desktop sync applications for Windows and for Mac, and also a really, really nice Android app, but like with Chrome we want Drive to be available on every platform, so today I’m really excited to announce we’re making it available on iOS and on Chrome OS.
So let me start here on iOS here on the iPad. I’m just going to zoom out a bit. And I’ll just open up Drive. You can see the interface is really, really fluid. It works just like you’d expect. You can browse through dozens and dozens of file types. Here I’ll pull up a photo. It’s a bigger photo than I remember. And everything just works like you’d expect, but it’s not just browsing that we’ve made available on the iOS experience. We’ve brought 5a lot of the best features of Drive right to the mobile and tablet experience. So for example, I’m going to open up this folder of receipts here. I’m a big nerd. I scan all of my receipts, but I was also too lazy to actually title any of these.
But I know that somewhere in here there’s a receipt from the post office with a tracking number. So what I can do here is just search — and I’m going to type “certified mail.” I think that word was in there somewhere. And just like that I can pull up the receipt. Notice this isn’t a text file. There’s no text in here. I haven’t written anything. Instead we used optical character recognition technology to actually extract the text from the scan, index it and then make it searchable.
Now, the cool thing is that doesn’t just work with text. Yeah, it’s pretty cool. It doesn’t just work with text, it works with photos, too. Let me show you what I mean. So here I have a big pile of photos. I took a trip with my wife through Africa last year, and I know somewhere in here are photos of us at the pyramids, but again, I didn’t title my photos, I didn’t add keywords, but if I search for pyramids, just do a search, up come the images of us at the pyramids.
So again, we can actually use image recognition technology to peer inside of the images to actually understand the content. I don’t have to do anything, no labels, no metadata, no nothing. It just works. Of course, I don’t always have an internet connection, so Drive makes it really easy to just save things, cache them offline. So here I’ll just save this manual offline so I can read it whenever. And of course, at its core Drive is about enabling sharing and collaboration. So I can add users to collaborate in documents with me right from the app. So here’s I think a relevant document here. I haven’t gotten very far, but I’m going to add Brian right here. He’s now backstage. And we’ll see if he has any other ideas, give him edit access.
I’ve added him right there. We’ll come back to that in a second. So that’s Google Drive on iOS to be available for iPad, iPhone, iPod Touch later today. Check it out. I think you’ll like it.
So if we can go over to the Chromebook now, I want to show you Drive on Chrome OS. So with Drive on Chrome OS, what we did was actually integrate it deep into the operating system. So what I can do here is I’m just going to open up my application tray, open up files, and basically Google Drive is just the file system. It’s your hard drive in the cloud. And we sync down everything silently so that you can all of your stuff whenever you need it everywhere, right there. So of course, Drive does a lot more than just sync your files to the cloud. It enables some amazing applications. And one of those is real time collaboration in the cloud with applications like Google Docs.
So I’m going to open up this document here. There we go. And I’m also going to pull it up on my smartphone and on my tablet. Here is on my smartphone.
Show some LOL cats. And here’s everything synced across all of my devices. Keystroke by keystroke I can see these edits. Everything just works. Now, this last point is an important one. Google Docs works great if you’re connected to the internet, but what if you’re on a plane or you don’t have a connection? What about then? We’ve been thinking about that and we’re really excited to announce that today Google Documents works for editing offline.
So let me show you how this works. So what I’m going to do is we’ve turned out of wireless on the laptop here and I’m just going to unplug the ethernet cable. So there it is, it’s unplugged. And just to prove to you that I am offline, “New York Times,” no connection, but I can just go back to my Google Doc and I can keep editing just like I’m online.